Treatment options for burns with modern wound management

Three main types of burns are distinguished according to their depth.
First degree burns affect only the upper layer of the skin the epidermis. Hyperaemia is visible and painful. Second degree burns affect not only the epidermis but also the dermis layer either partially or in its full thickness. Third degree burns affect the epidermis dermis subcutis or deeper tissues. Some authors distinguish grade IV burns when deeper tissue muscle and bone is involved. Depending on the depth and extent of the burn several options are available. The
most important step in acute care is cooling which can be carried out with cold running water or cooling gel. Further treatment is by a method appropriate to the conditon of the wound. Of course in addition to local therapy systemic treatment may be necessary depending on the extent and depth of the burn. For local treatment hydroactive dressings alginates foam dressings are well suited. In deep burns after necrectomy negative pressure wound treatment ( NPWT) can be used for further clearing and enhancing the granulation. NPWT is also effective
for promoting graft adhesion after skin grafting.

Dr. Szabó Éva esetbemutatása a 2023-as LINK for Wound Balance Kongresszuson a poszter szekció fődíját nyerte el.